Krypt3ia

(Greek: κρυπτεία / krupteía, from κρυπτός / kruptós, “hidden, secret things”)

Archive for the ‘Malware’ Category

WANNACRY: PATIENT ZERO AND MALWARE EPIDEMIOLOGY

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Continuing on the hot topic of the month I had some thoughts about WannaCry’s infection vector and heat maps that I have been seeing all over the place. I wanted to see who patient zero may be and having played many a game of Pandemic, I thought maybe this approach might yield something of use. In looking online I found only two heat maps that give a timeline that shows what may be patient zero’s location(s) but in doing this research I cam to the conclusion that this may be impossible without the help of all of the AV vendors out there. When trying to ascertain who may be patient and country zero for this malware it becomes apparent that you have to rely on various vendors who may or may not have seen the malware with their products. So far I have Malwarebytes timeline and Symantec. Now, given that Symantec has a larger market share I will go with them for the base assessment of patient zero on Wannacry but if the other vendors want to kick on and give a timeline for each of their products seeing infections I would welcome the data.

Since Wannacry traversed the net via SMB attacks (ETERNALBLUE and DOUBLE PULSAR) it may be possible to see just who was infected first and just maybe, get a lock on where that SMB connection came from. This might help the investigations into who did this at least nominally because one would assume the adversary used a proxy box or some other obfuscation to launch the initial attack… Unless, they are inept n00bs that is, so maybe something could come of this line of investigation. Anyway, the best timeline(s) I saw were Malwarebytes and Symantec as I said above. Here are the findings of those two companies telemetry;

Malwarebytes has the first infection in Russia.

Symantec see’s the first infection vector in Thailand.

Which is correct? Are either of them right? I am not able to be sure but, given at least the market share of Symantec both legally and illegally, I would be looking to Thailand as the potential patient zero here. Now, in talking to people on Twitter about this someone (@Tinkersec) notes that there is IP space in Thailand that starts with 1.0.128.0-1.0.255.255 1.1.128.0-1.1.255.255 so there is the possibility according to his theory, that a scripted scan looking for 445 open on the internet could have just hit on those addresses because the script started scanning at say 1.1.1.1 (or 0.0.0.0) to 255.255.255.255 which I can grok. Either way, if Thailand was patient Zero, and that IP space for Thailand Chiang Rai Tot Public Company Limited, an telco in Thailand.

This line of thought is quite possible and I like it (thanks Tink!) it would explain the rando Thailand hit as the first infections started to show up. Now, how though would this work if not for some scripted mass-scan? Well, someone would either have to be phished on a very small targeted scale to start this or the malware was physically implanted in a network and set free. So far I am not seeing too much talk about how this thing all started so I would like to put all this out there as a possible explanation as to the how. I am not aiming at the who because right now it is a festival of attribution out there and my opinion of that is low. The how is more important and in fact could lead to the who if the gumshoe work is done properly.

Still, I would like more data… Anyone from said AV vendors care to speak up?

K.

EDIT: Someone just mentioned passive DNS too on the killswitch site. Say, anyone in the DNS world wanna stop talking about Trumps servers and weigh in on Wannacry telemetry?

Written by Krypt3ia

2017/05/24 at 12:48

Posted in EPIDEMIOLOGY, Malware

WannaCrypt0r Roundup

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So last weekend and this week have been fun times in INFOSEC am I right or am I right? When Wannacry started making the rounds on Twitter I knew pretty much then and there I just likely lost my weekend to the derp of yet another ransomware distro. Luckily for me though, I forced my org to “do the things” on patching etc where the Shadowbrokers dump was concerned. So at the end of the day we came through the weekend unscathed by WannaCry yay me! However, in looking at the Twitter feed and Hyrbid/VT pages I began to worry that soon enough this malware would come at us all not just by worming through the net but also from phish waves. Today was the first day I have seen someone trying to at least possibly send a phish wave using a popped box in Egypt with the WannaCry.exe for download so hang on kids, you may well be seeing this as well and if you have not patched your shit and have old 2003/Xp your days may get to be like the end times that others around the globe have had since last Friday.

In the meantime though, I began looking at all the malware C2’s and exploits and notice a couple things. First off I kept seeing two IP addresses tied to the IPC$ in the binary/memory of the malware. I began to look for these addresses and while I surmised the 192.168 address was a off the shelf home router, the other maybe was something else. After some searches I came to the conclusion that this was another non routable address but that it may belong to an org or another off the shelf router of some kind.

With a little more looking I had thought that I had come up with the answer. It was some default IP scheme for a GSM gateway or some internal network somewhere in the world like China (found an F-5 with that scheme) but then I hit upon one last hit that suddenly appeared from a blog post by ZeroSum0X0. The post on Github was 6 days ago and that places it before the malware started to make the rounds. One day before the malware started burning through NHS I think if the reports are right from the news. Now this really has piqued my interest because if this IP and system belong to the blog poster or who they work with, then maybe the exploit was cribbed by the malware cabal to use EternalBlue. The poster (ZeroSum) seems to work for Rapid7 and Rapid7 was working on deploying the code for EternalBlue for Metasploit.

I reached out to ZeroSum on Twitter but nothing back so far. Coincidentally the code for the EternalBlue exploit was deployed this afternoon (as of this writing about an hour ago) to Metasploit. Now, the question I have is about this IP/System call that is in all the malware out there. Was this IP/system in the original binary that was pulled apart by ZeroSum from EternalBlue or was this an internal system that was being used to make the code work in some way? That it is directly in the post and that is a day before the great conflagration, I have to wonder. I would love for someone at R7 or Zero to let me know what the deal is with this. I mean, did someone steal the exploit code from you guys and deploy it after you got it working or, was this in the binary already? This is kind of a keystone to many questions concerning who may have created and deployed this malware as I see it.

The argument goes like this….

  1. The WannaCry campaign was carried out by criminals looking to score big money
  2. The WannaCry campaign was carried out by nation state actors (Lazarus Group/DPRK? Russia?)
  • Well, if it was just a criminal gang then did they reverse the binary and make this thing work? If they did then is that an internal IP that they used and forgot to sanitize from the code?
  • Well, if the nation state actors who potentially stole the exploits in the first place had to steal the actual working exploit from R7 then just how good are these guys anyway? It seems that there have been some other mistakes in coding as well that lead to snafoo’s with the bitcoin wallets as well so…

You see where I am going with this right?

Now, I had said from the beginning that this attack did not feel like it was about the money and the low numbers in the wallets kind of bears that out in my mind. However, there are some inconsistencies here and that IP/System in there makes me wonder some more especially when I see the same string in the code tied to R7’s work that was released today. If the code did in fact get cribbed from ZeroSum and by proxy R7 that does not bode well in the PR department for companies that do this kind of work (metasploit etc pentest tool vendors and creators) does it? It is kind of akin to leaving that hand grenade in front of the toddler right?

So, if R7/ZeroSum could respond to this little factoid it would be great. All of this also may bear some significance on the attempts at attribution that are flying about the news and Twittersphere right now where this attack is concerned. Frankly this all could have been much much worse had the coders thought to make domains that could not possibly be on the internet as kill switches. Kinda like this one I think (see below) that has been making the rounds in Hybrid and VT.

No kill switch and no way to sinkhole it would be a lot more devastating right? Of course the whole thing about the killswitch being there in the first place has a lot of people wondering. Then, there is the whole shadowbrokers foolery with the post last night they made. They are now claiming to have much more and will parse it all out in coming months…

Interesting times…

Ok.. Off to the deck for sun.

K.

UPDATE!

Well, I made some connections and had a chance to DM with someone from R7. For the record ZeroSum does not work for R7 he works for another company but is a contributor to Metasploit. R7 as of yesterday was trying to get a hold of ZeroSum to ask how that IP with IPC$ got in there and where it came from in the first place. As of this writing I have not heard back from them.

Tuesday when I posted this I connected with ZeroSum and he said someone else would email me….

I have no email.

In the interim the page that I located the IPC$ code snippet is no longer there. The page has been redacted. It also turns out that Malware Unicorn made a comment about the malware seeming to have been using Metasploit framework code for deployment of the exploit (DoublePulsar) and has since redacted that page as well…

Screenshot from 2017-05-18 16-00-52

So here’s my thing… Was the code snippet taken before the malware was launched and kluged into the wannacry malware to make it work? Was that code taken from the Zerosum git page on the day before or before that and then implemented by the wannacry authors? This would seem to be something logical given the hints I have seen with regard to that IPC$ and non route-able IP address. Was this an IP inside the networks where this code was being tested and perfected?

In essence, did someone fuck up and place code on the net for research that in turn was used by the adversaries to make Wannacry work and launch it into the wild?

I ask this because of the time table here and the events since that lead me to believe this is the case. I cannot say for sure because no one has given me any information to counter this belief. No one is saying much of anything other than R7 saying they are looking into it (which I know they are in reality) so I believe them.

So, it’s either this code and the telemetry from it were in an original sample of the malware that maybe ZeroSum had BEFORE the outbreak and was reversing to use to make the git posts and get the metasploit deployment working or this code maybe was cribbed by the malware creators and used to global effect.

Which is it?

Of course all of this also paints a new picture on attribution right? If LAZARUS is the culprit (a theory I do not ascribe to) then why  would they hang around this git to grab code? These guys should have had the time to fully reverse this stuff and make it workable for them. It is my opinion either there is EPIC obfuscation going on here to make it look as though it is LAZARUS or that LAZARUS is deliberately trying to look inept and throw investigators off the trail. This information though, if true and can be verified might lead to some more breadcrumbs.

I look forward to some more light on this.

K.

UPDATE II: Response from RiskSense

Response:

The Metasploit module for the EternalBlue vulnerability was developed by community contributors, zerosum0x0 and JennaMagius, security researchers at RiskSense, a provider of pro-active cyber risk management solutions. The module was developed to enable security professionals to test their organization’s vulnerability and susceptibility to attack via EternalBlue. As part of their research, the researchers created a recording of the network traffic that occurs when the Fuzzbunch EternalBlue exploit is run. The purpose of this recording was to help educate other security professionals, and get feedback as they worked through the process. This kind of approach is fairly common in both the security researcher and open source contributor communities, where transparent collaboration enables individuals to pool their expertise and achieve greater results. It’s possible that data from this analysis was copied and rewritten by individuals with malicious intent; we cannot confirm if this is the case or not. Unfortunately, this is a risk that is taken whenever technical information and techniques are shared publicly. None-the-less, we believe the educational and collaborative benefits generally outweigh the risk. To our knowledge, no code from the Metasploit module was ever used in the WannaCry attacks, and once Krypt3ia’s blog pointed out the possibility that some of the information may have been used by the attackers, we removed the video from the Github repository to ensure no other bad actors would be able to do likewise to create variants of the malware.

Here’s a summary of context and the technical details:

–          On April 27th, JennaMagius created a recording of the network traffic that occurs when the Fuzzbunch EternalBlue exploit is run. That recording was subsequently posted at https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework/issues/8269#issuecomment-297862571. The recording included an IP that was used as a lab target of the original exploits.

–          Recording the replay and playing it back works against freshly booted boxes because the Tree Connect AndX response will assign TreeID 2048 on the first few connections, after which it will move on to other tree IDs. This is the same for the user login request. The replay would then fail because the rest of the replay is using “2048” for the tree and user IDs, and the server has no idea what the client is talking about.

–          On April 30th, JennaMagius published a script that slightly enhanced that replay by substituting in the server provided TreeIDs and UserIDs. This code was subsequently posted at https://github.com/RiskSense-Ops/MS17-010/commit/9ddfe7e79256a9d386f0b488c38f5048a2dfd083

–          Zerosum0x0x’s research supplemented these findings by outlining that __USERID__PLACEHOLDER__ and __TREEID__PLACEHOLDER__ strings were also present in the malware.

Replaying ANY recording of EternalBlue will produce the same result, so the attackers may have chosen to use that particular recording to throw investigators off track. It is important to note that to our knowledge no code from the Metasploit module was ever used in the WannaCry attacks.

To be successful, the attackers independently implemented sending the network traffic in C; constructed additional code to interact with DoublePulsar (which is a significantly harder undertaking than just replaying the recorded traffic), implemented the rest of their malware (maybe before or after), and then released it on the world.

 

Written by Krypt3ia

2017/05/16 at 18:23

Posted in Malware

KONNI: Malware Campaign Inside Pyongyang

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So the release of the KONNI report by Cisco piqued my interest and so I thought I would look into the data presented and see if there was anything else to be seen. In looking at the malware (samples below) and the C2 involved over the last three years a few things come up about this campaign.

  • The malware evolution is interesting as it started off kinda low-tek and then expanded in scope and in complexity of code by the writers
  • The C2’s mostly seem to be clear of data showing who may own them and or who started the domains and this is rather professional in my opinion.
  • One of the re-directed C2’s can be tied back to an alleged Chinese alias that owns numerous sites and allegedly is in Canada (a.yesadsrv.com) which comes back to yesupinc@yahoo.com as the address used in the domain information
  • The C2’s also cluster in areas where other phishing exploits reside so as to maybe couch them in a constellation of disinformation
  • The documents being used as part of the phish campaign seem to be aimed at English speaking embassy staff with alternate RU campaigns that might be running in parallel (as noted by doc file in sample Talos found in Cyrillic)
  • All the documents look as though they would be common files passed around the embassy set and thus would not be something that would tip off the targets as to their being phish
  • HOWEVER, the documents that are being aimed at these users show that they are low hanging fruit and not savvy to phishing threats because all of these have .scr or other types of file names attached and as such a savvy user would not click on them
  • The campaign has been detected and the malware samples found in open source sites going back to 2015 (see links below) and the 2017 iteration was shown to be in a hybrid-analysis clone run in native Korean language on april 19th 2017.
  • MOST of the infrastructure has been pulled but some of it is still up even today and you can pull down the SYM64.exe but attempts got a 0 byte file

Conclusions:

What all of my digging around has shown me is that this campaign is directed more at DPRK’s embassy set and thus hopefully at the hermit nations traffic in those embassies that may have gotten the phish. The use of English language is of interest to me but I suppose that the assumption is that these documents coming from the UN and other affiliates would be in English and not in Korean. There was one document that was purportedly from China but it also was not in Chinese so there is that too, I would have liked to have seen it translated to Chinese for good measure.

When I looked at the metadata for the document about blowing up NYC with a hydrogen bomb I found that it only had  the name “John” and the date of creation and editing were transposed. I did not do a deep dive into the metadata but maybe later I will. For now though, the document is alleged to have come from an American and concerned “propaganda” so perhaps the email that the document was attached to was an alert for the embassy staff on recent events and timed for added click-ability. This would make a lot of sense to me and I suspect would have more than a few clicks occur to see what it had to say even with .scr in the filename.

I have since been wondering just how much data the hermit kingdom really shares with the embassies that they have around the world. I personally think they would not be of much intelligence use in many respects because Kim does not trust anyone and certainly not anyone not within his immediate reach to disappear. So what kinds of information might the malware get getting from these windows machines within such places? I also have to wonder if any of these documents/malware made their way to Kim and others within the Pyongyang confines and thus maybe onto grey license systems in DPRK itself. I then have to wonder as well what rules may be on their firewalls to let any telemetry get out to the internet proper, as I understand it only a core group have internet access outside the confines of the country.

All of these questions beg another question….

Do we know for sure these were aimed at DPRK embassies/personnel?

Now go with me for a minute here… This kind of information would also be of interest to other groups and countries right? Do we have any telemetry from Talos or elsewhere that the systems infected were in fact in DPRK sites? Do we have email addresses within the phish? I have not seen this information in any of the samples yet so I cannot say for sure that they were the target. If Talos has more maybe they should ya know, tell us all? I for one would be interested to see more on the targeting here because to me, this is all kinda sketch unless you can prove they were the ones opening the stuff.

Say Talos, did you get into that C2 infrastructure and pull some data down on systems compromised?

Come on, you can tell uncle Krypt3ia!

SAMPLES:

Ask for them and we will work out a transfer method

LINKS:

http://blog.talosintelligence.com/2017/05/konni-malware-under-radar-for-years.htmlhttp://www.threatcrowd.org/domain.php?domain=phpschboy.prohosts.orghttp://www.threatcrowd.org/domain.php?domain=jams481.site.bzhttps://www.google.com/search?client=ubuntu&channel=fs&q=7640894b9a61e533646067bc542f04f2&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8https://www.reverse.it/sample/c405fa8f6f5cd50c9bf4d76dad57f6c939bfb0fe95683f239764844dbb13bb91?environmentId=1https://www.hybrid-analysis.com/sample/c405fa8f6f5cd50c9bf4d76dad57f6c939bfb0fe95683f239764844dbb13bb91?environmentId=1&lang=idhttp://www.threatcrowd.org/domain.php?domain=dowhelsitjs.netau.nethttps://www.threatminer.org/sample.php?q=ed759d5a9edb3bba5f48f243df47be29e3fe8cd7https://cdn.securelist.com/files/2014/11/darkhotelappendixindicators_kl.pdfhttp://www.threatcrowd.org/domain.php?domain=pactchfilepacks.net23.nethttps://www.hybrid-analysis.com/sample/94113c9968db13e3412c1b9c1c882592481c559c0613dbccfed2fcfc80e77dc5?environmentId=4&lang=zhhttps://www.hybrid-analysis.com/sample/69a9d7aa0cb964c091ca128735b6e60fa7ce028a2ba41d99023dd57c06600fe0?environmentId=100https://malwr.com/analysis/NWJiY2EwOGE3MjUwNDg1ZjhlZmY0MjdlMzc2MDQzYzc/https://www.virustotal.com/en/url/4b273842b1731390c837c10d9b59e76eb974ac8eeff961c186c64ef3309430f0/analysis/1494269840/https://www.virustotal.com/en/domain/a.yesadsrv.com/information/http://www.threatcrowd.org/ip.php?ip=31.170.160.129

Written by Krypt3ia

2017/05/08 at 20:16

Posted in .gov, .mil, APT, DPRK, Malware, Phishing

Trump Hotels Dot Com: Malware C2 In 2014

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Credit CNN

TURNIP HACKED!

Remember when the news media was told by Brian Krebs that Turnip’s hotels had been hacked and their credit card data has been stolen? Well there is more to the very little story that made the press after Krebs dropped a dime on them. In looking around the ThreatCrowd today I decided to take a look at the Turnip brand and, well, they have over three thousand domains but a couple jumped out on the searches due to their being connections in some malware back in April of 2014. This coincides with the hack time frame according to the stories I have seen including the one by CNN above where not much is said by Trump nor the FBI or USSS because they were looking into it and that Turnip was a candidate for president. Given that no one has really said anything about this hack post Krebs I have to wonder just how deep these guys got in and what actor group it may have been. If it was straight up carding was it Rescator? Some other Eastern Block group? If it was Russian then, well, you know how they like to dual use these hacks right?

Well, the malware in this case was programmed to attempt to connect with the hotel psmtp server as well as the main domain. This means that they were compromised enough to used as a C2 or perhaps it was just garbage traffic as as been seen in the past with some malware creators. The real kicker is that this malware was doing it’s thing in the same time frame that the hack was alleged to have happened, so I have to think that the case here is that they did in fact use them as a C2 as well, or another actor did piggybacking on the other hacking going on.

Maybe Turnip’s security just sucked? Oh well, as you can see from the maps below they were pretty busy. The best thing for me though was the name of the file that the malware was propagating by.

(scroll down but don’t be drinking anything hot FAIR WARNING)

Maltego of psmtp server at Turnip Hotels

 

Trumphotels.com Domain ThreatCrowd

Trumphotels.com.s9a1.psmtp.com ThreatCrowd

Money shot of the malware that has trumphotels in the C2 list

Oh, and Turnip loves him Godaddy, the Mos Eisley of domain registries and server farms.

The Malware:

So that malware that had the Turnip hotel as a C2? Yeah, it was in the guise of a file called SHEMALE_MOVIE_83.MPEG.EXE I shit you not! So GoldShower’s systems were being used to pimp malware that went under the name of SHEMALE_MOVIE_83.MPEG.EXE

BAAAAAAAAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAAHAHAHAHAHAAH!

SHEMALE_MOVIE_83.MPEG.EXE

I do love the schadenfreude here. Evidently it was a trojan that harvested creds, listened to all traffic, and manipulated the SMTP on the system as well. I have to wonder who at Turnip Hotels may have gotten an email with this file and clicked on it. I also have to wonder if they were acutally mailing this shit out from Turnip central as they had connections to the PSMTP server as well. Say, any of you get any dirty email from Turnip back in 2014 or 2015?

 

As I write I have this grin on my face…

Enjoy the schadenfreude kids!

K.

IOC’s

https://www.threatcrowd.org/searchTwo.php?data=trump

https://www.threatcrowd.org/domain.php?domain=trumphotels.com.s9a1.psmtp.com

https://www.threatcrowd.org/malware.php?md5=833009a54c295a72ad64ab0941f482fe

https://virustotal.com/en/file/e11f563e084bf435ba59ab74bf13aba88f382fa1cadc6186ddca2b63209c9b3b/analysis/

https://malwr.com/analysis/YTY4NTM5YWY5NDNjNDAwYjkyNWNmMjQwM2RmMjAwYTE/

4/25/2014

https://www.threatcrowd.org/listMalware.php?antivirus=BackDoor.SlymENT.1498

https://www.threatcrowd.org/ip.php?ip=202.71.129.187

https://www.threatcrowd.org/domain.php?domain=email.cz

https://www.threatcrowd.org/ip.php?ip=72.29.227.205

https://www.threatcrowd.org/domain.php?domain=trumphotels.com

https://malwr.com/analysis/YTY4NTM5YWY5NDNjNDAwYjkyNWNmMjQwM2RmMjAwYTE/

https://www.threatcrowd.org/listMalware.php?antivirus=BackDoor.SlymENT.1498

Written by Krypt3ia

2017/04/06 at 19:12

You See What Happens When I Get Bored? china.org.cn –> media.president.ir –> rodong.rep.kp —> TURLA?

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So yeah, I was bored earlier and when I am bored my brain likes to take a walk down the darker hallways of the intertubes. Today I was plinking around with ThreatCrowd as is my wont, and I decided to start messing about with .gov.kp addresses. So I did a search for just .gov.kp which netted me nada. So I went back to the drawing board and looked up all the .kp addresses out there. I messed around a bit and hit rodong.rep.kp which had the nugget of the day I was looking for.

See that big purple thing? Yeaaaaaahhhh that is malware activity and a has all the hallmarks for nation state malware kids! Upon looking closer at this closer at this you can see that this piece of malware is talking to other interesting places like Iran and China! This really piqued my interest because just look at those addresses huh? Iranian mil sites, the presidents site, their news service (FARS) and china! Now what could be happening here kids? Was this malware or something else? Is the anticipation killing you yet?

Right! So I then started to circle out to the other sites on TC and of course clicked on the malware hash itself to see what the deal was here and when this all came about. To my surprise this malware and the activity happened last year in June. The malware was run privately on Hybrid on June 22nd 2016 but if you look closely at the image at the top of this piece, you see that the post is listed as December 3rd 2016? How does that work one wonders? Is this a post to the site after the original piece was uploaded? Was there something going on here that made the dates all messed up? In any case, the fact that this was posted privately to Hybrid in June shows that someone was either testing their malware or someone just found this and decided to post it privately to not trip up they had found it.

The sample itself is the php on the site (http://forum.china.org.cn/viewthread.php?tid=175697) which is not around at the moment to attempt to gather a sample directly. I also checked The Wayback Machine too and alas they did not have the site cached on the date or after where I would need to get the sample. At the time of testing this malware injected an exe (FP_AX_CAB_INSTALLER64.3×3) in temp and begins the work of pwning the system. It drops some files on the system and within the process is an IP address (210.72.21.87) which is in China.

Ok, so I pivot over to the malware 866fd7c29b0b6082c9295897d5db9e67 and whoa, look at all the malware traffic! It’s a festival out there man! Looks like someone is using a flash update to pwn all the things in Iran, China, and DPRK maybe huh? When you look at the malware C2 call outs it makes in the Hybrid analysis you can see them all. But when i start looking at the sites in the binary it is then I start to see where the other sites have bad histories and the files that seem to have been a part of the arcology.

Pattern match: “http://forum.china.org.cn/archiver/”
Pattern match: “http://www.china.org.cn/node_7077424.htm”
Pattern match: “http://forum.china.org.cn/main.php”
Pattern match: “http://210.72.21.87/uc/en_uc_admin/avatar.php?uid=248308&size=middle”
Pattern match: “http://forum.china.org.cn/viewthread.php?tid=175697&page=1#pid261371″
Pattern match: “http://www.b14643.de/Spacerockets_1/Rest_World/Simorgh-IRILV/Gallery/Simorgh.htm”
Pattern match: “http://www.jajusibo.com/imgdata/jajuilbo_com/201505/2015051137439063.jpg”
Pattern match: “http://www.jajusibo.com/serial_read.html?uid=20376&section=sc38”
Pattern match: “http://media.president.ir/uploads/org/144022966897383700.jpg”
Pattern match: “http://media.farsnews.com/media/Uploaded/Files/Images/1394/05/31/13940531000590_PhotoI.jpg”
Pattern match: “http://static2.bornanews.ir/thumbnail/ttNMJfA47E4M/hsPvu53JYc4ZMdL-GggwrIzh2hzU5xtVFQP8bK_wEHTWBrL3vxxKeZCrWjxHgZzZ8wnBrYkXU3QMHDsygonvkmg5kwqDkuu0pz2Zr-6LSnsZsz9y7UBP4tOzeGfnkG3Doo_lkYGgn2HQLYzD7Q9EqmO9y02FRvdV2ZvL5vX-_oL5SMFaqVjbXcnvO0GLTcsXON4tIh35SxI,/”
Pattern match: “http://static2.bornanews.ir/thumbnail/SQ8qder1eiAx/hsPvu53JYc4ZMdL-GggwrIzh2hzU5xtVFQP8bK_wEHTWBrL3vxxKeZCrWjxHgZzZ8wnBrYkXU3QMHDsygonvkmg5kwqDkuu0pz2Zr-6LSnsZsz9y7UBP4tOzeGfnkG3Doo_lkYGgn2HQLYzD7Q9EqmO9y02FRvdV2ZvL5vX-_oL5SMFaqVjbXcnvO0GLTcsXON4tIh35SxI,/”
Pattern match: “http://static2.bornanews.ir/thumbnail/WoR50ZKvbOvU/hsPvu53JYc4ZMdL-GggwrIzh2hzU5xtVFQP8bK_wEHTWBrL3vxxKeZCrWjxHgZzZ8wnBrYkXU3QMHDsygonvkmg5kwqDkuu0pz2Zr-6LSnsZsz9y7UBP4tOzeGfnkG3Doo_lkYGgn2HQLYzD7Q9EqmO9y02FRvdV2ZvL5vX-_oL5SMFaqVjbXcnvO0GLTcsXON4tIh35SxI,/”
Pattern match: “http://www.president.ir/en/88795”
Pattern match: “http://i.imgur.com/0ayxQnW.png?1”

Other hits for the hash:

Threat Miner: https://www.threatminer.org/sample.php?q=866fd7c29b0b6082c9295897d5db9e67

Hybrid: https://www.hybrid-analysis.com/sample/940aefe52f2f5d95535cbb536c53655971d803336a208d4066683c3ddbb9959d?environmentId=100

Threat Miner: https://www.threatminer.org/host.php?q=178.22.79.3

Threat Miner: https://www.threatminer.org/host.php?q=203.130.61.92

It gets stranger with the sites that this thing attempts to connect with as well. All of the connections are GET’s on port 80 so is this just polling sites or are some of these carriers of malware second stage? I have yet to go through all of them but one stood out already in the odd department (in red) this site came up dirty on more than one occasion and also the site resides in the US but has a guy from Iran ostensibly as owner who has a Yahoo account for an email. When you look at the site it seems to be a pro Iran mil site that kind of mirrors many of the others in Iran (think Geoshitties from hell) but why is an official site like this being hosted in the US huh?

media.president.ir 80.191.69.176 Iran (ISLAMIC Republic Of)
media.farsnews.com 178.22.79.3 Iran (ISLAMIC Republic Of)
i.imgur.com 185.31.19.193 European Union
weather.china.org.cn 210.72.21.12 China
http://www.military.ir 63.141.224.83 United States
fpdownload2.macromedia.com 2.16.106.177 European Union
r18.imgfast.net 87.98.180.46 France
images.china.cn 106.48.12.36 China
ipic.su 104.28.23.43 United States
imgs.xici.net 203.130.61.92 China
static2.bornanews.ir 46.209.99.141 Iran (ISLAMIC Republic Of)
news.xinhuanet.com 106.48.12.33 China
gallery.military.ir 63.141.224.83 United States
rodong.rep.kp 175.45.176.78 Korea Democratic People’s Republic of
fpdownload.macromedia.com 72.246.168.194 United States
my.china.org.cn 210.72.21.87 China
http://www.jajusibo.com 121.78.144.175 Korea Republic of
http://www.china.org.cn 106.48.12.35 China

An address inn memory though there was this little hit: bzip.org When looking at this site it has been rather naughty over time and has a high hit ratio for malware: This site also seems to be tied to APT activity.

This site has a lot of trojan activity over time so this may be the hit we are looking for. When I dug into this site I located the key piece of information that I believe nails this as Turla activity. When you look up the domain for bzip.org you get an email address attached; donna@kestrel.ws which then turns up in the ThreatMiner report as being a C2 for Turla. So, it looks like my boredom has maybe led me to RU APT activities against CN/IR/DPRK in June of last year.

Whaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaat?

Is this in fact the case? Has anyone else seen this? I will keep plinking along but do take a look you malware mavens and see what you think.

K.

Written by Krypt3ia

2017/04/04 at 18:23

Posted in Malware

RULEAKS: Russian Media and Disinformation in Ukraine by the DNR-ONLINE

with 2 comments

INTRODUCTION:

Back in December I located a dump of data on the darknet placed there by a hacker collective in Ukraine called RUH8. The dump is rather good sized and all come from Russian backed Ukraine sources. RUH8’s dumped one group in particular that I was interested in because I located a piece of malware in the email spool that, once run through the usual tests, showed to be something not widely seen before. I will cover the malware further down the article and will include IOC’s but once I harvested the email spool itself and began to get things translated things got even more interesting.

Once I mirrored the site I got some help from <REDACTED> and set to work in translation of emails and documents attachments. Most of the bulk of the dump is average emails concerning daily business but a few began to tell a tale of the company that the emails came from and how it was in fact a Russian front organization created for propaganda in Ukraine and used to manipulate the populace in the Donetsk People’s Republic (The Russian separatist area of Ukraine) and those outside it including other countries outside of Ukraine.

Having all of this come to light just after the election win for Trump, and now coming out here in the midst of the Russian intervention and collusion investigations today, I thought this report would be prescient and give a rare insight into how the Russian propaganda machine works, how the intelligence apparatus of Russia works in this respect, and perhaps bring to light a new piece of malware for everyone to see.

THE LEAK:

The leak by RUH8 in the darknet consists od more than a few entities email spools as well as individuals that they have described as assets of Russia. In the case of this post the data comes from the domain dir-online.ru. This is a media org in Ukraine that is Russian backed and as I said before caters to the Donetsk People’s Republic. Within the dump there are many documents covering the day to day but five documents stood out amongst them all (frankly there are more to be analyzed and one needs Russian speakers to translate them all) as being all things shady.

RUH8 is also the group that hacked and dumped “The Grey Cardinal’s” email spool as well. Having gone through that spool I did not find any malware of merit or anything that was new so I moved on in mirroring and checking for goodies. They keep adding content to the site too so I would expect eventually I will locate some more goodies in the future. Keep an eye on the blog for more when I find it. The Grey Cardinal though is an interesting figure and I recommend you all read up on him as well.

THE PROPAGANDA PLAN:

Right, well on to the good stuff! The following documents found in this dump show Russia’s machinations at propaganda in Ukraine, well, at least this small slice of it.

DOC1

From Translator: This talks about “anti-Russian hysteria” in the media and about disinformation and fake news that makes Russia look bad. And also that pro-Russian voices are accused of being agents of the Kremlin. To counter this, this document outlines a project to create a pro-Kremlin media campaign in the Ukraine that includes a budget for hiring journalists and buying equipment like computers and voice recorders, a budget for freelancers and “insiders”, Website hosting, web administrators, editors, advertising, The amounts — which are, for some reason, in US Dollars, are $9,250 for initial set-up expenses, and $38,280 ongoing costs. Those could be monthly costs — the salary of a full-time journalist is listed at $2,000, and that’s likely to be $2,000 a month.  The editor in chief, who’ll be based in Kiev, will get $2,500 a month. Hey, their freelance budget is $6,000 a month! 

DOC2

From Translator: is a little disturbing, since it outlines how the anti-war movement in the Ukraine can be used for pro-Russian purposes. For example, the idea is to create a picture of the leaders in Kremlin as corrupt power-grabbers who are using the war in eastern Ukraine to distract everyone from their own problems. Russia’s invasion of eastern Ukraine is just misformation from Kiev. Sounds totally legit.

Oh, and I figure out why it’s all in US Dollars. Hah, this is funny. Way back when I was based in Russia — something like 20 years ago, when the Soviet Union had just collapsed, inflation was rampant. Stores had to change the prices on all their products several times a day! To deal with it, they all switched to using Dollars or Euros instead, the traitors! To fix the problem, instead of fixing the economy, the Russian government outlawed the use of foreign currencies on prices. So what the stores did was switch to using something called the “arbitrary unit” — which just happened to be worth as much as the dollar, by pure coincidence. Ever since then, this “arbitrary unit” has been the default price. It particularly convenient during inflationary periods, or when dealing with local currencies in different republics. Plus, everyone knows what it means. So, in this document, they use the term “arbitrary unit” and in others, they seem to have just used the dollar symbol instead.

Also, I can confirm that the ongoing expenses are per month — they spelled that out in this budget.

So anyway, this is another juicy document. They’ve put together a budget for running a fake anti-war grassroots organization.

Initial costs are $79,200 for things like computer equipment, recruiting, registering domain names and getting business and media licenses, and website design. It’s interesting that in both this budget and the previous one I looked at, they’re careful to get all the permits and licenses in place. They might be trying to undermine the government of a foreign country, but at least they’ve got all their paperwork in order!
Then the ongoing expenses are $86,000 and include salaries for regular contributors and freelancers, salaries for editorial managers and copyeditors, a financial manager and their deputy, $2,000 for a lawyer, $20,000 for online advertising, and $10,000 for promotion on social media like Facebook and VKontakte (Russia’s LinkedIn).  

They’re expecting 100,000 unique visitors a day on weekdays.

It’s interesting they note that they’ll be playing games with the tax status of their employees — like in the U.S., there’s a difference between paying people as staff (where the employer has to pay a chunk of the taxes) and as freelancers (where the poor schmuck has to pay for everything). Also, in Ukraine, folks living in the disputed territories don’t have to pay taxes. They’re saying that they can save 40% as a result of playing around with this, which they claim is common practice in the Ukraine.

So not only are they undermining a foreign government, but trying to avoid paying taxes while they do it! I don’t know which is worse.

Document docxk7EDEjG06i is a plan for creating a major national media outlet from scratch. It will take $347,640 in startup costs, and about $146,500 a month in ongoing expensies. Total costs, for an eight-month period, are $3.82 million, including advertising costs, and other related expenses. Again, they’re playing around with the taxes. And they’re expecting to get a quarter million visitors a day on weekdays.

This one also has a budget for protection against DDOS attacks. They estimate that this will cost $2,000 a month (including the site hosting itself).

They also plan to sell advertising here, and have an ad sales department, and the editor in chief’s salary will be $10,000 a month plus a share of the ad revenues.

That’s not too shabby… Then they’ve got some projections for costs and revenues after that first eight-month period, which is interesting for those of our readers who plan to launch an online magazine in the Ukraine…

DOC3

From Translator: This is super evil. I’m really impressed! The idea is is to create a pro-European, anti-Russian website — with the underlying message that the Ukraine will be better off without those annoying eastern provinces, and let Russia have them, so that it can enjoy its wonderful European future without them dragging the country down. So, again, they have an editorial budget. $69,900 in setup expenses, $65,000 a month in ongoing expenses, and plans to reach 100,000 readers a day on weekdays.

DOC4

From Translator: This is a plan to create a news site to cover the conflict in the disputed territories, because people are hungry for war news. The idea is to make it seem objective and independent, but slip in a pro-Russian point of view. So they’ll use terms associated with anti-Russian reporting, but slant the coverage to make Ukraine look bad. Yicch. Startup expenses: $97,200, ongoing expenses: $126,500 per month, expected audience: 120,000 unique visitors a day during weekdays.

DOC5

From Translator: This is an analysis of the Ukrainian political system and how a lot of work is done by “shadow” organizations in government. There don’t seem to be any action items here.

DOC6

From translator: This is an overview of the Ukrainian media climate, and on how anti-Russian it is, and blames Western advisers for some of it.

So here is the context from these documents from the translator for you…

From Translator: These emails seem to have been sent to Georgi Bryusov, who heads up Russia’s wresting federation, and are in reference to a meeting with “PB.” I don’t know who “PB” is.

Bryusov then forwarded them on to Surkov.

So, how likely is this?

Well, I spent a some time covering a similar conflict in Georgia, where there was also a “separatist” province, called Abkhazia, and the conflict there was used to put pressure on the Georgian government. Although it was supposed to be a purely local, homegrown movement, Abkhazia — which didn’t even have an airport — somehow had fighter jets and bombed Georgian-controlled areas with them. (I was in one of those areas with a group of UN observers while it was being bombed. Fun! The Georgians shot down one of the planes which … surprise, surprise! … turned out to have a Russian pilot inside.)

Russia also paid the operating costs for the Abhazian press center, where I spent many a happy day. All international phones calls were free! I could call my editors anywhere in the world, and file stories about the brave Abkhazian rebels! They also fed us and provided us a place to sleep, and organized regular trips to the front lines where we could enjoy being shot at by the Georgians. They also showed us how well prisoners of war were treated and corpses of people killed by the Georgias and, allegedly, mutilated. (Though the Red Cross folks I talked to couldn’t confirm that the mutilations were real and not, say, the expected results of getting too close to an explosion.)

Anyway, the bottom line is that I do have personal experience of Russian spending gold to manipulate the media, in case anyone ever had any doubts that they were willing to do it.

As you can see from the commentary above, and you too can read the documents as well, the Russians set up a media company including websites and formulated plans to manipulate people toward the Donetsk People’s Republic and against a Free Ukraine. I am still going through the dump looking for the bills for the domains mentioned as well and will run them through Threatcrowd and other sources to see if they were used at all for malware C2 and propagation. Which brings me to the use of dnr-online as a C2. Interestingly enough the site itself is not a C2 but it does have connectivity to other IP addresses and domains that are.

dnr-online.ru

WHOIS for dnr-online.ru

5.101.152.66

The archology of malware that talks to 5.101.152.66 is rather interesting. There’s a bit of everything bad attached to that one to be sure including that MrSweet address that is ransomeware central. 5.101.152.66 is owned/created by beget.ru which has quite the many few dirty connections as well.

beget.ru WHOIS

beget.ru

Of course beget could be innocent enough but as you can see there is enough of Mos Eisley in there to make one not want to get an account there and set up a site right? I will continue to look into other domains within the networks that dnr-online bought as soon as I can locate the bills for them or domain names and that will be another post I am sure. What all of this tells you though, is that the Russians have always been carrying out these kinds of active measures against people like those in Ukraine as well as what they did to us in the election of 2016. This is not a one time deal and certainly will not be the last one we shall see. In fact, the bots and the domains will continue to be set up by the likes of the SVR and GRU in hopes of manipulating the general populace toward the goals of the Putin regime until it’s demise.

… and likely past it.

THE MALWARE & GROUNDBAIT:

Right! now on to the other interesting bit found in the dump from dnr-online. In looking at the spool I dumped all attachments into a folder and began checking them for malware. All the word docs, excel sheet, power-points etc. The docs all checked out but one zip file had a .scr file in it that turned out to be malware. The file (Центр управления восстановлением ДНР справка-доклад за 13 октября 2015 года.exe) Center for Recovery Management of the DNR certificate-report for October 13, 2015.exe came from an email comiing in from a Russian source to the head of dnr-online. I am unable to source the headers at this time of the email but the question becomes was this malware sent to the DNR by RUH8 or was this malware sent to DNR to send to others in some other campaign. I cannot say either way but, the malware is a new sample of GROUNDBAIT or Prikormka that was detected and reported on by ESET running rampant in Ukraine. Given that ESET claims that this malware was being used against the separatists in Ukraine it stands to reason that the logic here is that the malware was to be used by the propaganda campaign against those it was seeking to manipulate. However, the nagging thing for me is the way this was passed around. The email has no real context in the text and to me it seems to imply that it is a fix for things inside dnr. My other thought is that maybe someone got hold of the GROUNDBAIT raw sample and re-used it by re-packing it and setting it against dnr-online.

An interesting notion…

I contacted ESET and talked a bit with the guy who did the work and he was.. Well.. Not so helpful. So here are the IOC’s for this file for you all to look for.

IOC’s

Filename: Recovery Control Center Help DNR-Report for October 13, 2015
Filetype:.exe
SHA256: f9a96ad58fb946981d196d653ec28fa31d6f946a7e2f6784b317dd9adc557b62 (AV positives: 52/57 scanned on 04/30/2016 07:33:42)
File raw: zip file: zipnh4dZDtMUk.zip

https://www.hybrid-analysis.com/sample/4eaf154ce8974228db6e35a1364337a12b821b73f052a44dc24ebdf0c1da6a4e?environmentId=100
https://virustotal.com/en/file/4eaf154ce8974228db6e35a1364337a12b821b73f052a44dc24ebdf0c1da6a4e/analysis/1484661011/

https://virustotal.com/en/file/4eaf154ce8974228db6e35a1364337a12b821b73f052a44dc24ebdf0c1da6a4e/analysis/1484661011/

Dropped executables
“archive.rar” has type “gzip compressed data from NTFS filesystem (NT)”
“helpldr.dll” has type “PE32 executable (DLL) (GUI) Intel 80386 for MS Windows”
“samlib.dll” has type “PE32 executable (DLL) (GUI) Intel 80386 for MS Windows”
“rbcon.ini” has type “ASCII text with CRLF line terminators”

Writes directory archive.rar (exfil)

C2 connected:185.68.16.35
Connects and downloads second stage: GET http://wallejob.in.ua/wd.php?sn=2120161230091201&rb=7&ob=R_pol_x&bt=0 HTTP/1.1

https://www.threatcrowd.org/ip.php?ip=185.68.16.35
https://www.threatcrowd.org/malware.php?md5=7accb6fed266a2023659f438ad1b3546
domain:      wallejob.in.ua
descr:       Domain registered for customer of Ukraine.com.ua
admin-c:     UKRAINE-UANIC
tech-c:      UKRAINE-UANIC
status:      OK-UNTIL 20170619000000
nserver:     ns114.inhostedns.com
nserver:     ns214.inhostedns.net
nserver:     ns314.inhostedns.org
mnt-by:      UKRAINE-MNT-INUA
mnt-lower:   UKRAINE-MNT-INUA
changed:     hostmaster@ukraine.com.ua 20160907200219
source:      INUA

Found malicious artifacts related to “185.68.16.35” (ASN: , Owner: ): …
URL: http://wood-house.com.ua/ (AV positives: 2/68 scanned on 12/27/2016 16:55:43)
https://www.threatcrowd.org/domain.php?domain=wood-house.com.ua

URL: http://wallejob.in.ua/ (AV positives: 5/68 scanned on 11/17/2016 02:10:28) <—GROUNDBAIT C2
https://www.threatcrowd.org/domain.php?domain=wallejob.in.ua
https://www.hybrid-analysis.com/sample/319e9dc36678c4d774ba0765ec93d3160bd476ab0f98bac1b7e5b92e7994a88a/?environmentId=1

URL: http://zarabatak.ru/ (AV positives: 1/68 scanned on 07/20/2016 10:59:29)
https://www.threatcrowd.org/domain.php?domain=zarabatak.ru

URL: http://psh.co.ua/ (AV positives: 1/68 scanned on 07/14/2016 04:35:37)
https://www.threatcrowd.org/domain.php?domain=psh.co.ua

URL: http://sem-dev.co.ua/ (AV positives: 1/68 scanned on 07/14/2016 04:33:23)
https://www.threatcrowd.org/domain.php?domain=sem-dev.co.ua

wood-house.com.ua
domain:           wood-house.com.ua
dom-public:       NO
registrant:       xdkjv649
mnt-by:           ua.intermedia
nserver:          ns311.inhostedns.org
nserver:          ns211.inhostedns.net
nserver:          ns111.inhostedns.com
status:           ok
created:          2014-11-07 13:31:27+02
modified:         2016-11-03 16:37:39+02
expires:          2017-11-07 13:31:27+02
source:           UAEPP

registrar:        ua.intermedia
organization:     SE Rabotnov Volodymyr
organization-loc: ФОП Работнов Володимир Володимирович
url:              http://names.com.ua
city:             Melitopol
country:          UA
source:           UAEPP

contact-id:       xdkjv649
person:           Vladimir V Rabotnov
person-loc:       Работнов Владимир Владимирович
e-mail:           not published
address:          not published
address-loc:      not published
phone:            not published
mnt-by:           ua.intermedia
status:           ok
status:           linked
created:          2013-04-05 15:01:02+03
modified:         2014-01-08 23:42:17+02
source:           UAEPP

 

TYING IT ALL TOGETHER:

So what we have here is the insider’s view of how dnr-online, a propaganda wing within Ukraine’s Donetsk People’s Republic put together a media service(s) and planned to use them as a framework of Russian propaganda in the region. We also have malware that is known to be actual spycraft in the region within it’s mail spool being passed around at least to two sources inside, one of them being the director of the DNR company. Was that malware meant to infect and eventually allow for the dump in the darknet or was the malware being passed along for other uses that we cannot see in this spool dump? In either case this information makes it clear that in Ukraine the Russian propaganda and espionage machines are alive and well and using the net as a force multiplier at the very least.

I will continue looking at the growing dumps by RUH8 and let you all know about any malware and goodies that pop up. It is also of interest to you all that this dump has been around and certain groups have looked at it and just sort of said “Nothing to see here” which is interesting to me. I mean malware that no one has seen really and plans for propaganda in the region are of no interest? I guess maybe these groups just did not want to spent the cycles on looking deeper into the data. I actually did with the help of others as well as checked the forensics on the metadata to insure the stuff was real.

…but that’s just me… I am not a churnalist.

Oh well..

More when I have it.

K.

UPDATE!: One day after this report one IP address involved as a nexus of malware has changed it’s domain name! Coincidence? Hmmmm?

Screenshot from 2017-03-29 06-14-33

Written by Krypt3ia

2017/03/28 at 13:00

ASSESSMENT: Threat Intelligence and Credit Card Fraud

with 3 comments

rescator_maltego

TARGET:

With the escape of card data and personal data from Target over the holiday season we have seen an uptick in stories about the underworld of carding. Of course Target is just one large company that has been hit with such attacks albeit this time this one hit scored over 70 million cards and their attendant PII data. As the fallout continues to get reported on the attack itself, Brian Krebs has been reporting on those behind the scenes offering up the “dumps” for the criminally inclined to buy cards and data in order to create new lines of credit or spend the ones that have been stolen. As time has worn on though, and as Target starts to release details of just how inadequate their security was on their systems that allowed this attack to happen from external access to their intranet one thing has become clear; Credit crime is not abating and the banks and credit companies are either powerless or don’t care to find ways to stop the hacks and dumps from happening in the first place. Target specifically in this instance has done a terrible job of responding to the incident with clients and the street and now that details are coming out about their internal security issues, they no doubt will be hiring PR firms by the dozen to spin a tale that this was impossible to have stopped.

CARDERS:

In reality the carders live a fairly open existence on the internet in PHP bulletin boards much like the jihadi’s do. Their OPSEC is lacking as Krebs can attest and in some cases really don’t care because they live or work in countries where the laws are not as robust and they don’t really fear prosecution. After having been on their sites and looked at caches as well as live data I can say that the OSINT that Krebs culls is not that hard to perform and that more people should be doing the same thing in order to interdict possible attacks in the future. I would assume that there are personnel tasked to do this from say Treasury or USSS but inasmuch as all of this came as such a surprise and that Krebs broke the story before anyone else says a lot about the lack of eyeballs on these forums. These guys are living large and often are not that old to begin with. We aren’t talking about old KGB guys now lurking the net and stealing credit card data to support their plans of world domination. What we are talking about are kids who play Xbox and have a revenue stream that is often times pretty robust allowing them to do pretty much whatever they want. Of course I suspect that there are ties to Mafiosi of the Russian variety (this case) as well as in other quarters because hey, this is just another piece of action right? What still amazes though is the naked operations that these guys carry out day to day that don’t even require much else than an ICQ connection and an email address that can be thrown away.

RESCATOR:

Screenshot from 2014-01-20 15:54:08

In the case of Rescator though, we have a kind of a “Senatus” as they like to call him on the sites who seems to have been at this for some time and has amassed an infrastructure to allow for the sale of not only stolen credit card data but also flooding services and other offerings. In the case of the latest Target affair, Senatus Rescator is most definitely at the forefront of the whole thing. He and others like Flavius are in charge of about 10 or so sites that are transitory at times and all bulletin boards pretty much explicitly for the trade of credit card data. Now, as to whether or not Rescator was the main operator behind this hack on target and others is a question that I cannot answer at the present time. I will say though that the conglomerate including those like Flavius and Rescator may in fact form the cabal that ordered up the hack and ex-filtration or perhaps just benefited from the dumps that came to them from the hackers. I lean towards though the idea that Rescator and Flavius and others were likely the ones who put this all together, purchased the malware, and got the hired hands to pull it off if not doing some of the work themselves. That Krebs and others have actually tracked Rescator to a single name and have his personal details shows the lack of OPSEC there and one hopes that sometime in the near future he will get a knock at the door from Interpol and the USSS/FBI but that remains to be seen.

LAMPEDUZA, RESCATOR, OCTAVIAN:

Screenshot from 2014-01-20 15:47:49

Screenshot from 2014-01-20 15:55:40

Screenshot from 2014-01-18 10:13:33

Screenshot from 2014-01-18 12:38:42

Screenshot from 2014-01-18 15:38:25

Domain ID:GMOREGISTRY-DO27434
Domain Name:RESCATOR.SO
Created On:2013-10-01T07:27:57.0Z
Last Updated On:2013-10-08T06:45:26.0Z
Expiration Date:2015-10-01T23:59:59.0Z
Status:clientTransferProhibited
Status:clientUpdateProhibited
Status:clientDeleteProhibited
Status:serverTransferProhibited
Registrant ID:WN18968955T
Registrant Name:Private Registration
Registrant Organization:rescator.so
Registrant Street1:Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road,
Registrant City:Kln Hong Kong
Registrant State/Province:Hong Kong
Registrant Postal Code:582-592
Registrant Country:HK
Registrant Phone:+852.23840332
Registrant FAX:+0.0
Registrant Email:rescator.so@domainsproxy.name
Admin ID:WN18968956T
Admin Name:Private Registration
Admin Organization:rescator.so
Admin Street1:Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road,
Admin City:Kln Hong Kong
Admin State/Province:Hong Kong
Admin Postal Code:582-592
Admin Country:HK
Admin Phone:+852.23840332
Admin FAX:+0.0
Admin Email:rescator.so@domainsproxy.name
Tech ID:WN18968957T
Tech Name:Private Registration
Tech Organization:rescator.so
Tech Street1:Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road,
Tech City:Kln Hong Kong
Tech State/Province:Hong Kong
Tech Postal Code:582-592
Tech Country:HK
Tech Phone:+852.23840332
Tech FAX:+0.0
Tech Email:rescator.so@domainsproxy.name
Billing ID:WN18968958T
Billing Name:Private Registration
Billing Organization:rescator.so
Billing Street1:Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road,
Billing City:Kln Hong Kong
Billing State/Province:Hong Kong
Billing Postal Code:582-592
Billing Country:HK
Billing Phone:+852.23840332
Billing FAX:+0.0
Billing Email:rescator.so@domainsproxy.name
Sponsoring Registrar ID:webnic
Sponsoring Registrar Organization:Web Commerce Communications Limited
Sponsoring Registrar Street1:Lot 2-2, Technology Park Malaysia, Bukit Jalil,
Sponsoring Registrar City:Kuala Lumpur
Sponsoring Registrar State/Province:Wilayah Persekutuan
Sponsoring Registrar Postal Code:5700
Sponsoring Registrar Country:MY
Sponsoring Registrar Phone:+60.60389966788
Name Server:GREG.NS.CLOUDFLARE.COM
Name Server:ROSE.NS.CLOUDFLARE.COM
DNSSEC:Unsigned

Domain Information
Query: rescator.cm
Status: Active
Created: 01 Jan 2014 15:52 WAT
Modified: 10 Jan 2014 09:54 WAT
Expires: 01 Jan 2015 15:52 WAT
Name Servers:
pns4.cloudns.net
pns5.cloudns.net

Registrar Information
Registrar Name: Web Commerce Communications WebCC

Registrant:
Name: Private Registration
Organisation: rescator.cm
Address:
Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road
Kln Hong Kong, Hong Kong 582-592
hk
Email Address: rescator.cm@domainsproxy.net

Admin Contact:
Name: Private Registration
Organisation: rescator.cm
Address:
Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road
Kln Hong Kong, Hong Kong 582-592
hk
Email Address: rescator.cm@domainsproxy.net

Technical Contact:
Name: Private Registration
Organisation: rescator.cm
Address:
Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road
Kln Hong Kong, Hong Kong 582-592
hk
Email Address: rescator.cm@domainsproxy.net

Billing Contact:
Name: Private Registration
Organisation: rescator.cm
Address:
Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road
Kln Hong Kong, Hong Kong 582-592
hk
Email Address: rescator.cm@domainsproxy.net

Domain ID:GMOREGISTRY-DO27425
Domain Name:LAMPEDUZA.SO
Created On:2013-10-01T00:58:44.0Z
Last Updated On:2014-01-16T14:55:50.0Z
Expiration Date:2015-10-01T23:59:59.0Z
Status:clientTransferProhibited
Status:clientUpdateProhibited
Status:clientDeleteProhibited
Status:serverTransferProhibited
Registrant ID:WN18967443T
Registrant Name:Private Registration
Registrant Organization:lampeduza.so
Registrant Street1:Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road,
Registrant City:Kln Hong Kong
Registrant State/Province:Hong Kong
Registrant Postal Code:582-592
Registrant Country:HK
Registrant Phone:+852.23840332
Registrant FAX:+0.0
Registrant Email:lampeduza.so@domainsproxy.net
Admin ID:WN18967444T
Admin Name:Private Registration
Admin Organization:lampeduza.so
Admin Street1:Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road,
Admin City:Kln Hong Kong
Admin State/Province:Hong Kong
Admin Postal Code:582-592
Admin Country:HK
Admin Phone:+852.23840332
Admin FAX:+0.0
Admin Email:lampeduza.so@domainsproxy.net
Tech ID:WN18967445T
Tech Name:Private Registration
Tech Organization:lampeduza.so
Tech Street1:Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road,
Tech City:Kln Hong Kong
Tech State/Province:Hong Kong
Tech Postal Code:582-592
Tech Country:HK
Tech Phone:+852.23840332
Tech FAX:+0.0
Tech Email:lampeduza.so@domainsproxy.net
Billing ID:WN18967446T
Billing Name:Private Registration
Billing Organization:lampeduza.so
Billing Street1:Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road,
Billing City:Kln Hong Kong
Billing State/Province:Hong Kong
Billing Postal Code:582-592
Billing Country:HK
Billing Phone:+852.23840332
Billing FAX:+0.0
Billing Email:lampeduza.so@domainsproxy.net
Sponsoring Registrar ID:webnic
Sponsoring Registrar Organization:Web Commerce Communications Limited
Sponsoring Registrar Street1:Lot 2-2, Technology Park Malaysia, Bukit Jalil,
Sponsoring Registrar City:Kuala Lumpur
Sponsoring Registrar State/Province:Wilayah Persekutuan
Sponsoring Registrar Postal Code:5700
Sponsoring Registrar Country:MY
Sponsoring Registrar Phone:+60.60389966788
Name Server:PNS4.CLOUDNS.NET
Name Server:PNS9.CLOUDNS.NET
Name Server:PNS7.CLOUDNS.NET
Name Server:PNS5.CLOUDNS.NET
Name Server:PNS8.CLOUDNS.NET
DNSSEC:Unsigned

Domain Name: LAMPEDUZA.NET
Registrar: INTERNET.BS CORP.
Whois Server: whois.internet.bs
Referral URL: http://www.internet.bs
Name Server: NS1.CLOUDNS.NET
Name Server: NS2.CLOUDNS.NET
Name Server: NS3.CLOUDNS.NET
Status: clientTransferProhibited
Updated Date: 03-oct-2013
Creation Date: 31-may-2011
Expiration Date: 31-may-2022

>>> Last update of whois database: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 20:30:53 UTC <<<

The Registry database contains ONLY .COM, .NET, .EDU domains and
Registrars.
Domain Name: LAMPEDUZA.NET
Registry Domain ID:
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.internet.bs
Registrar URL: http://www.internetbs.net
Updated Date:
Creation Date: 2011-05-31T11:47:48Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2022-05-31T11:47:48Z
Registrar: Internet.bs Corp.
Registrar IANA ID: 814
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@internet.bs
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone:
Reseller:
Domain Status:
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Jeremiah Heisenberg
Registrant Organization: Offshore Hosting Solutions Ltd.
Registrant Street: Oliaji TradeCenter 1st floor
Registrant City: Victoria
Registrant State/Province:
Registrant Postal Code: 3341
Registrant Country: SC
Registrant Phone: +248.2482032827
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax:
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: domains@offshore-hosting-service.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Jeremiah Haselberg
Admin Organization: Offshore Hosting Solutions Ltd.
Admin Street: Oliaji TradeCenter 1st floor
Admin City: Victoria
Admin State/Province:
Admin Postal Code: 3341
Admin Country: SC
Admin Phone: +248.32724
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax:
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: domains@offshore-hosting-service.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Jeremiah Haselberg
Tech Organization: Offshore Hosting Solutions Ltd.
Tech Street: Oliaji TradeCenter 1st floor
Tech City: Victoria
Tech State/Province:
Tech Postal Code: 3341
Tech Country: SC
Tech Phone: +248.32724
Tech Phone Ext:
Tech Fax:
Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: domains@offshore-hosting-service.com
Name Server: ns1.cloudns.net
Name Server: ns2.cloudns.net
Name Server: ns3.cloudns.net
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/
>>> Last update of WHOIS database: 2014-01-20T11:49:26Z <<<

domain:        OCTAVIAN.SU
nserver:       jack.ns.cloudflare.com.
nserver:       leah.ns.cloudflare.com.
state:         REGISTERED, DELEGATED
person:        Private Person
e-mail:        fpolev@mail.ru
registrar:     RUCENTER-REG-FID
created:       2013.01.13
paid-till:     2015.01.13
free-date:     2015.02.15
source:        TCI

Last updated on 2014.01.21 00:31:35 MSK

~$ whois rescator.la
Domain ID:CNIC-DO1009346
Domain Name:RESCATOR.LA
Created On:2013-02-21T01:24:13.0Z
Last Updated On:2013-12-27T12:53:29.0Z
Expiration Date:2014-02-21T23:59:59.0Z
Status:SERVER UPDATE PROHIBITED
Status:SERVER HOLD
Status:CLIENT TRANSFER PROHIBITED
Status:CLIENT UPDATE PROHIBITED
Status:CLIENT DELETE PROHIBITED
Status:SERVER TRANSFER PROHIBITED
Registrant ID:WN18395382T
Registrant Name:Private Registration
Registrant Organization:rescator.la
Registrant Street1:Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road
Registrant City:Kln Hong Kong
Registrant State/Province:Hong Kong
Registrant Postal Code:582-592
Registrant Country:HK
Registrant Phone:+852.23840332
Registrant FAX:+0.0
Registrant Email:rescator.la@domainsproxy.net
Admin ID:WN18395383T
Admin Name:Private Registration
Admin Organization:rescator.la
Admin Street1:Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road
Admin City:Kln Hong Kong
Admin State/Province:Hong Kong
Admin Postal Code:582-592
Admin Country:HK
Admin Phone:+852.23840332
Admin FAX:+0.0
Admin Email:rescator.la@domainsproxy.net
Tech ID:WN18395384T
Tech Name:Private Registration
Tech Organization:rescator.la
Tech Street1:Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road
Tech City:Kln Hong Kong
Tech State/Province:Hong Kong
Tech Postal Code:582-592
Tech Country:HK
Tech Phone:+852.23840332
Tech FAX:+0.0
Tech Email:rescator.la@domainsproxy.net
Billing ID:WN18395385T
Billing Name:Private Registration
Billing Organization:rescator.la
Billing Street1:Rm.804, Sino Centre, Nathan Road
Billing City:Kln Hong Kong
Billing State/Province:Hong Kong
Billing Postal Code:582-592
Billing Country:HK
Billing Phone:+852.23840332
Billing FAX:+0.0
Billing Email:rescator.la@domainsproxy.net
Sponsoring Registrar ID:H129924
Sponsoring Registrar IANA ID:460
Sponsoring Registrar Organization:Web Commerce Communications Ltd
Sponsoring Registrar Street1:Lot 2-2, Incubator 1, Technology Park Malaysia
Sponsoring Registrar Street2:Technology Park Malaysia
Sponsoring Registrar Street3:Bukit Jalil
Sponsoring Registrar City:Kuala Lumpur
Sponsoring Registrar State/Province:Wilayah Persekutuan
Sponsoring Registrar Postal Code:57000
Sponsoring Registrar Country:MY
Sponsoring Registrar Phone:+603 8996 6788
Sponsoring Registrar FAX:+603 8996 8788
Sponsoring Registrar Website:http://www.webnic.cc
Name Server:JACK.NS.CLOUDFLARE.COM
Name Server:LEAH.NS.CLOUDFLARE.COM
DNSSEC:Unsigned

The sites that Rescator and friends have set up are an arcology on the internet for underground (almost) carding forums. As at the top of the page (see maltego map) you can see that they all can be connected together either by registration data or links to one another to and from their domains. One interesting bit is the fact that a couple of the sites were registered our of the Seychelles by “Jeremiah Heisenberg” which has a checkered past with sites ranging from online poker for bitcoins to outright scams including takedown notices from MPAA. It seems that perhaps the nearest thing to a real financial entity that can be found in the intelligence gathering I did today was this company (likely a shell company) that could be a means to an end in laundering funds and cleaning them. As to whether or not Rescator and the others are a part in this or are just the mules (so to speak) is the question I still have and it will take more looking to see. In the end though this constellation of sites and their spidering out to many many others both on and off of the darkweb is the primary means for volume trafficking in stolen credit data and PII as well as bank accounts and access to financial institutions. In other words, a real and credible threat.

THREAT INTELLIGENCE AND ANALYSIS:

I have been looking into these sites and the players for a little while now and I have to say that with the lack of OPSEC I would think they would be easy targets for takedown. What has been bothering me now since I started this Odyssey is that companies like Target as well as the banks out there lack any true intelligence gathering apparatus to actually monitor these sites and get insight into what is happening. Ok, I know this may sound a little out there to some and that I am asking for companies and banks specifically to have working intelligence apparatus but really, isn’t that the only real way to have a fighting chance here? Had the banks or some firms out there been doing what Krebs has been doing perhaps this attack would have been at least prepared for a little bit if not stopped due to intelligence gathering from these fairly open sites? My analysis that stemmed from about a day’s worth of looking backstops Krebs data and even goes further and really, I did not put all that much time into it. Imagine what could be done with the proper analysis and heads up on such POS malware as was plainly for sale and talked about in these forums?

It will be some time until the Target kerfuffles dust has settled but I would like to advocate more HUMINT and OSINT like Krebs has been doing by analysts either selling this as a service or perhaps in house operations that at the very least can spend some time Googling or using Maltego to determine just what is happening out there in these not nearly opaque bulletin boards. As I write this though I am wondering whether or not the simplest answer here is that the banks just don’t care because in the end the costs will circle back to the clients in the form of fee’s. This reasoning serves the cognitive dissonance within the financial sector that says it’s not their fault, it’s not your fault, but hell there is nothing we can do about it. I should think that more proactive approaches to anti-fraud methodologies might be better but who knows what they are thinking. Overall this kind of crime will continue both big and small because the companies make it easy for the criminals to hack them (bad passwords and processes etc) as well as the lackadaisical leze fair  attitude on the part of the credit corporations and banks persist. The real loser though will be the client who has to deal with bad credit through identity theft, loss of funds that may or may not be guaranteed, and generally being the product for sale by these miscreants.

K.

Written by Krypt3ia

2014/01/20 at 21:53