Krypt3ia

(Greek: κρυπτεία / krupteía, from κρυπτός / kruptós, “hidden, secret things”)

Archive for the ‘Infosec’ Category

I Am Danny Glover: I Am Too Old For This Shit

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Welp, I am gonna say what others I interacted with this year at Defcon imparted in person. Just gonna rip the Band-aid right off, no Bactene, nada….

Defcon has become too big for it’s own good.

There, I said it…

*waits for inevitable whining and recriminations from those who love it and run it*

Really though, the congestion even in Caesar’s was too much to deal with and certainly the fact of getting into lines and then not seeing the talk because you were too far down said line is… Well.. Disappointing to say the least. Add to this that you can see the media later online, why the fuck am I going to attempt to brave the hoards and pay $260 to attend? Everyone says “HallwayCon” now but even that was stupifyingly impossible because the traffic analysis had been fubar’d for this one.

Nope, I am just too old for this shit now. The paradigm of BlackHat is the new RSA, Defcon is the new BlackHat, and Bsides is the new Defcon is really true I think. I had a better time at Bsides and actually got to have substantive educational interludes as well as conversations at Bsides. I attended BlackHat this year and had classes and I also have to say that the Classes were excellent but the presentations were a bag of fail, but hey at least I got to see them. A special note goes out to Matt Suiche on spectacular fail on slides with large blocks of text and his inability to speak English clearly for the ShadowBrokers presentation. In fact, let me also add that he did not add anything to the discourse on the subject by just regurgitating, in large blocks of text on screen, things we all could just Google.

But I digress…

It seems to me now in hindsight that the only way one will get good content and a hassle free way to consume it is to pay exorbinate fee’s to see it so all the other kids aren’t there rubber necking in front of you gawping at all the shiny shiny. Even if you have to listen to the likes of the CISO of FaceCult drone on about how they are going to save the world in between laser light shows (YAY HOOLICON!)

Jesus fuck I am too old for this shit…

Next year maybe I will just do SANS…

Dr. K.

Written by Krypt3ia

2017/08/07 at 21:01

Posted in Infosec

Eugene and the DoD

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Da! Let me share you this blog on Eugene! Look, this whole kerfuffle over Eugene and the DoD has reached epic douchery in the news and now with the Putin administration threating “actions” against the US if they somehow embargo Eugene’s business. Well, let me first start with this little ditty below.. Go ahead, read it…

Ok done? Yeah, Eugene was in the KGB school and he worked for the GRU too according to the Wiki page here. What this means is that Eugene is a “former” made man of the KGB and Military Intelligence apparatus in Russia. He lived in the times when it was the Soviet Union and at the height of the times where the cold war was in a deep freeze. Fuck, just go watch The Amerikans and then come back… I will be waiting…

Ok watched them all have we? So now you know how it was to live in the 80’s huh? Well there you have it. Anyway, Eugene was a member of the organizations that have recently hacked us. What? You are saying it’s the FSB now and it isn’t the KGB?

Fuck you.

FSB is KGB with different letters at the front now ok? If you actually read up a bit you will see that Putin actually gave back the powers that the KGB had back in the day recently so once again they are functioning much like the old bad days as the KGB. Putin as well is an old school KGB man who has used all kinds of KGB fuckery to get where he is and stay there so once again, you say FSB, I say; Fuck. You.

Right, so now back to the present unpleasantness, it seems that Eugene is now offering a code evaluation by anyone who wants to (specifically the DoD) so pretty pretty please buy our shit? Look, it’s not about the code, we don’t necessarily think there are backdoor’s in the product now. No, what the worry is consists of that close snookums relationship Eugene had with the TWO entities that just hacked our election in 2016. Come on people, no one leaves the KGB and certainly NO ONE says NO to Putin right?

Imagine that Eugene’s software is clean as a whistle.

Now imagine that it is sitting on many USGOV and MIL systems.

Now imagine that all that telemetry from those systems is going to RUSSIA.

Then alternatively consider that with all those systems running Eugene’s product, how easy it would be to say, inject a malware or a protocol into all of it to do… “Things”

Think about that hacker kids.

Think about that you spies too.

You all see where I am going with this right? Now of course you could maybe do that with another vendor too but how much more work would it be to do that with Symantec? What I am saying is that Eugene lives in Russia, his assets are there, his LIFE is there and if Putin were to sidle up and say “do this thing” what choice would he have? JESUS FUCK PEOPLE! You know who the next randomly dead Russian would be right Eugene?

So, all this fuckery around the code and exploits etc… Stop. It’s really about access and what could happen in a place where we have seen pretty nakedly what Putin wants and does. So no, the DoD should not have Kaspersky products on their shit. I would be really surprised if they did given where it is made and managed… But then again, I think about all those SF86’s and China and… Fuck….

So there you have it. We are in another hot cold war with a Putichurian candidate in office. Do you really think we need the trifecta of Eugene’s access potential to be expanded to the military?

Yeah neither do I.

K.

Written by Krypt3ia

2017/07/03 at 16:38

The DNC Hack: SVR? KGB? GRU? Lone Hacker?

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191

Attribution Games:

I grow more and more weary of the attribution games being played in INFOSEC and the DNC hack is just another in a cavalcade of epic missing the point parades. Since the “scoop” given to WaPo by Crowdstrike, there has been a flurry of allegations, revelations, and throwing of attribution dice akin to a basement game of Magic The Gathering repleate with summoning!

“I summon the Russian GRU!”

“I summon the LONE ACTOR!”

“I summon the KGB!”

*slaps down cards on table* TAKE THAT!

The reality here is that there are more than a few games going on here. Think about it, Crowdstrike gets a media coup by selling this story to WaPo, who just happens to have been banned by the Orange Julius of our time, presidential candidate Donald Trump! WaPo jumps on this like a child on a fresh tit and runs with the attribution story and sets the world on fire for Donny boy with the release that the DNC not only was hacked but that his dirty laundry may be in the hands of Kommisar Putin!

“Whoa”

So, first let’s set aside the whole issue of marketing, which is akin for me, to choking on a hairball left from that chick in “Ringu” and move on to the veracity of the attribution as well as the real need to name and shame here. I for one can believe that the two nation state actors software and activities were found by Crowdstrike on the DNC systems. The fact that there are two disparate groups from the same nation state is interesting in itself. I guess they are not really talking to each other and given the state of affairs there in Russia I can see this as being a true accounting. However, I can also see my way to there being third, fourth, fith, sixtieth actors also in the network or having had been in the past as well. Face it, these are government systems who usually go to the lowest bidder right? This was likely the Diagon Alley of Democratic networks.

So, to say that it was only these two actors might be a stretch. There is room for doubt and after the dump by “Guccifer2” as they are calling themselves, it is easier to think that perhaps there is more to the story than what we have been given by the media, the DNC, and Crowdstrike. That the documents are legit on the wordpress site by Gucci and that they seem to be pretty well stamped down on metadata, one can’t make too many assumptions.. Oh, yeah, but everyone is! At the end of the day for me, even though I will play the game a little bit below the fold here, the real issues should be how the hackers did it, and fixing the behaviors of the DNC to stop it from happening for a year or two at a time in the future. Not so much pointing at Russia and yelling; “YOU TOOK OUR SHIT! BAD POOTY! BAD!”

Put another way… I eagerly await the FBI warrants and 10 most wanted cyber listings for the Russian actors they have all this attribution on … I suspect I will be waiting the rest of my life for that one kids… Just sayin. This was mostly about marketing as far as I am concerned and I have to give them props for working that one. Sales must be up in the government area now because of this caper right?

Metadata and Cyrillic:

Meanwhile, after the WaPo story hit the wires the “lone hacker” created his wordpress site and dropped dox as we say on the intertubes. Shortly after the drop people were inspecting, detecting, infecting, and making circles and arrows with captions on the back to describe what you were seeing! … And the conspiracy theory machine went into overdrive. Pwnallthethings made some good comments on the metadata in the dropped dox but really, concluding that this is a Russian disinformation operation from metadata stripped documents on the idea that the machine name was cyrillic for Felix Dzerzhinsky (Феликс Эдмундович)  Really? Now that is fucking SOLID work man! Stellar! FUCK LET’S GO BOMB RUSSIA NOW!

Dr._Strangelove

NAILED IT!

You know at least Crowdstrike has like actual data, ya know, C2’s, malware, and shit like that. Anything else is totally speculative, I mean even more speculative than most attribution that these companies make with real data! Anyway, I took a look at the metadata on the documents and here is what I have found…

  • Much of the data was stamped out in saving from format to format
  • Emails of users though were still embedded in the excel files
  • The word docs have no more metadata than the Iron Felix machine name save, which, gee, kinda leads one to wonder…
  • The image files have no metadata.. none.. niente clean.
  • Grizzli777 is just someone who pirates

Yep, not a lot to see there and people are hanging their collective hats on the deliberate placement of Феликс Эдмундович as the machine name to it’s quite OBVIOUSLY being Mother Russia’s exclusive secret services.

*squint.. takes drag of cigarette*

So here’s my assessment…. Maybe Russia did it… OR Maybe this actor is the real thing and happens to want to take credit. The facts that this person(s) reads, writes, has, cyrillic on their machine and names it after the founder of the KGB is as reliable a means to saying it was Russia as it is to say that aliens built the pyramid because people just were fucking too stupid back then!

All of this hoo ha really means nothing. The fact of the matter is that now Donny’s dirty dirt is open source!

YAAAAY!

Wait.. I read it.. What the shit people? REALLY? THAT’S ALL YOU HAD HILLARY? COME ON!

It doesn’t matter who did it really.. Horse is out of the barn and the barn is on fire kids. So please, stop with all the wankery and move on to the next hack ok?

DATA:

Screenshot from 2016-06-17 13:35:04

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Screenshot from 2016-06-17 13:31:49

Screenshot from 2016-06-17 12:51:57

Screenshot from 2016-06-17 12:46:55

Screenshot from 2016-06-17 12:46:44

Screenshot from 2016-06-17 12:46:33

Screenshot from 2016-06-17 12:46:14

Screenshot from 2016-06-17 12:46:03

Screenshot from 2016-06-17 12:45:43

Screenshot from 2016-06-17 12:44:48

Screenshot from 2016-06-17 09:51:34

Motivation Analysis and Hypothesis

RIGHT! Well now I want to play the attribution/motivation/game of clue too! So here goes…

Imagine if you will that Russia did do it. Imagine also that Gucci2 is still Russia’s services performing a disinfo campain against Crowdstrike. Now imagine why would they be doing that? Why would they drop Donny’s dox AND all the other fun stuff for the Clinton campaign, which is in trouble already over the cybers! What effects would this have? Let’s list it out for you…

  • Dropped dox of the dirt —-> Blows all Hill had on him unless there is a double secret probation file somewhere
  • Dropped dox yet to be releast on Wikileaks —> Let’s say, as Gucci2 alluded, they were also in Hill’s mail server, ya know, the one that wasn’t supposed to be? Oh yeah…
    • If that server was popped by the Russians and Gucci1 those criminal charges could be much more deleterious right? *waves at FBI*
  • Dropping of dox and general hackery causes DNC and the election process to be even more fractious than it already is
  • Dropping dox makes Hill’s candidacy potentially weaker (hint hint server –> Russians–>PWN wink wink nudge nudge!

So all those effects would do what possibly? Why would they want to do this? WHO WOULD WANT A TRUMP PRESIDENCY?????

Why Pooty of course!

Think about it kids. Given your knowledge of Teeny Tiny Baby Hands Trump, do you think he could stand up to a bearish Putin?  *sorry had to use that one*  Do you think that perhaps Donald is easily.. Shall we say.. Distracted or led? Come on, I know you can all reason this out. A Trump presidency would be sweet sweet love for Putin. He would have a friend, and someone he can sit on his knee to play ventriloquist with! … Well, until he has to polonium enema him that is.

That’s my theory and I am sticking with it… For all the fucks that it is worth.

I will say though.. I am waiting on those documents to show up in Wikileaks. That’s when the shit is really gonna hit the fan.

See you all in INFOSEC attribution Hell.

K.

 

Written by Krypt3ia

2016/06/17 at 18:34

Insider Threats: The Most Dangerous Threat

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Screenshot from 2016-03-14 07:58:00

On The Seven Pillars of Wisdom the notion that the “insider threat” can be one of the most devastating threats to an organization. I have pointed this out before concerning INFOSEC but I thought it would be prudent to do so again with the story of the caliphate and Abu Hamed. As a practitioner of the INOSEC arts *chuckle* one of the things that we have to take into account in the #BlueTeamLife is the insider threat and the general tenor within the organizations we work for. One has to take the pulse of the org and see what the overall temp is of the work force. Have there been layoffs? Are people generally disgruntled? Who amongst them may be a turncoat and be stealing your data or setting up the Locky malware inside your domain controllers?

All of these thoughts should cross your mind now and again as an internal player within a security organization. Frankly yes, you can have utter devastation to your network and your org from just one end user being click happy, but imagine if you will a disgruntled employee who has keys to the kingdom and a will to wreck it all as they give you the finger walking out the door. I personally have been party to one such incident that included a logic bomb and many hours trying to figure out what they did to get the org working again. You can never discount the insider threat and you shouldn’t.

The same can be said about agent provocateurs in your org as well. This may seem like fiction to you but consider where you work and what they have as data goes. Would a competitor want to steal that data? Perhaps they would instead like to burn your org down to the ground to get ahead? All of these scenarios are possible and you as the #BlueTeamLifer have to consider these things as you attempt to secure the sieve that is your networking environment.

Do you have any content in your awareness training about outsiders trying to get information from your employee base? Do you have content about not wearing badges to local bars or being circumspect at conferences? If not, perhaps you should assess your crown jewels and start creating some.

At the end of the day it is better to be prepared for this type of activity than to be totally unaware of the possibility.

Think about it.

K.

Written by Krypt3ia

2016/03/14 at 12:10

My new line of INFOSEC T-Shirts from “Everything Is Bad”

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Written by Krypt3ia

2016/02/12 at 15:11

Posted in Infosec

The 2015 INFOSEC KRAMPUS LIST

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GO HERE AND VOTE NOW!!

Written by Krypt3ia

2015/11/03 at 11:41

Dark Reading: CISOs Caught In A Catch-22

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Screenshot from 2015-07-22 10:36:45

Full article:

JESUS FUCK.

Now that I have that out of the way let me take this article and turn some things on their head a bit. I would ask, if I were writing an article on this subject just how talented on average are these CISO’s that are being made scapegoats and not allowed at the C-Level table? Are these CISO’s capable of making those security decisions to start? How technical are these CISO’s on average and have they worked the bulk of their career in information security?

See this is what burns me much of the time. We have CISO’s who are titular C-Level execs that most often than not NEVER carried out a pentest and have little to no real experience carrying out a security program to start with. This is a problem and one that everyone seems to not quite grok in the corporate world but if you are in INFOSEC and you are capable, usually you are not considered to be C-Level material at the average corp. This is just my experience of this being in the business so long but hey, this article seems to be backing this up a bit as well.

On top of all this it seems that the people asked in this survey of sorts showed that the CISO, like much everything else in INFOSEC is considered the red headed step child that is better neither seen nor heard. That is until they have had a breach and then they can blame the CISO that they have not empowered and perhaps never trusted because they weren’t competent to start with.

But hey.. That’s just me right?

The role of the CISO is evolving more now because the breaches today are at a high and the compromises with data dumps have been making the news cycle burn brightly. That’s the extent of it really, these companies aren’t looking at the news, turning to their boards or other C-Levels and saying

“SHIT! WE REALLY NEED SOME TALENT AND EMPOWERMENT TO THE CISO NOW NOW NOW!”

Mmmmmyeah, not happening that I have seen. Evolutions kids is a long ass process and in nature it takes millions of years. I am afraid though that in INFOSEC we don’t have that much time. So here are my bullet point thoughts to leave you with;

  1. We’re fucked
  2. If your CISO has no experience and shows that in meetings with other execs… You’re fucked
  3. If your CISO has no empowerment… You’re fucked
  4. If your CISO has no empowerment and no real experience he will be gone soon and… You’re fucked anyway
  5. Corporations are like living entities made of of large amounts of cells (people) that are in essence psychopaths. They are self involved, manipulative, and only want what they want and will do anything to get it.

You’re fucked.

K

Written by Krypt3ia

2015/07/22 at 19:56

Posted in Infosec